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Patek Philippe Calatrava Pilot Travel Time White Gold 2018
TOP
Patek Philippe Calatrava Pilot Travel Time White Gold 2018
R 657,999
Free shipping
Seller
Tradeluxe Uhrenhandels GmbH
41
AT
Rolex Gmt-Master II LN 18K Yellow Gold
TOP
Rolex Gmt-Master II LN 18K Yellow Gold
R 307,968
Seller
Juwelier Burger, since 2001
570
NL
Breitling Navitimer
Breitling Navitimer
R 39,999
Free shipping
Seller
The Diamond Channel
ZA
Breitling Navitimer Twin Sixty 4 Circles Automatic Chronograph
TOP
Breitling Navitimer Twin Sixty 4 Circles Automatic Chronograph
R 47,998
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
57
NL
Rolex GMT Mater II With Ruby, Sapphire & Diamond Bezel & Shoulder
Rolex GMT Mater II With Ruby, Sapphire & Diamond Bezel & Shoulder
R 154,244
Seller
Emron Watches
 
UK
Rolex GMT 2  Ref.16710 Bj.2007  (Z) Ungetragen LC100  NUR...
Rolex GMT 2 Ref.16710 Bj.2007 (Z) Ungetragen LC100 NUR...
R 300,456
Seller
Uhren - Borgardts
 
DE
IWC Pilot Double Chronograph
IWC Pilot Double Chronograph
R 100,900
Seller
Luxurytime South Africa
ZA
Breitling Avenger Skyland
Breitling Avenger Skyland
R 42,064
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
124
DE
Rolex 16710 stick dial
Rolex 16710 stick dial
R 150,213
Seller
chrono v8 ltd
 
UK
Rolex 1972 Vintage Rolex GMT-Master 1675 Pepsi Blue Red Mark I...
Rolex 1972 Vintage Rolex GMT-Master 1675 Pepsi Blue Red Mark I...
R 119,533
Seller
Collectors Coins & Jewelry
 
US
Rolex GMT-Master II
Rolex GMT-Master II
R 114,879
Seller
Gioielleria Antonio Pezzuto
 
IT
Breitling Cockpit B50
Breitling Cockpit B50
R 75,000
Free shipping
Seller
The Diamond Channel
ZA
Breitling Navitimer World (A24322)
Breitling Navitimer World (A24322)
R 48,807
Seller
The Watch Movement
 
US
IWC Big Pilot Midnight LE PETIT PRINCE Blue Dial  IW500916
IWC Big Pilot Midnight LE PETIT PRINCE Blue Dial IW500916
R 131,201
Seller
Orafi inc
 
US
Rolex GMT 16750 LC400 Baujahr 1984 +Papiere+Box usw.
Rolex GMT 16750 LC400 Baujahr 1984 +Papiere+Box usw.
R 232,854
Seller
Uhren - Borgardts
 
DE
Breitling Blackbird
Breitling Blackbird
R 38,900
Seller
Luxurytime South Africa
ZA
Rolex GMT Master II
Rolex GMT Master II
R 353,036
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
124
DE
Breitling Aerospace
Breitling Aerospace
R 22,566
Seller
Mikes vintage watches
 
UK
Rolex 1986 Rolex GMT-Master Pepsi Blue Red FADED Stainless...
Rolex 1986 Rolex GMT-Master Pepsi Blue Red FADED Stainless...
R 93,903
Seller
Collectors Coins & Jewelry
 
US
IWC Pilot Chrono yr. 2016 B&P MINT conditon
IWC Pilot Chrono yr. 2016 B&P MINT conditon
R 54,921
Seller
Orlando Watch Company
 
US
Breitling Navitimer World
Breitling Navitimer World
R 69,000
Free shipping
Seller
The Diamond Channel
ZA
Rolex GMT-Master II
Rolex GMT-Master II
R 114,890
Seller
Vintagejeweller
 
UK
Breitling Navitimer 7806 Vintage
Breitling Navitimer 7806 Vintage
R 67,126
Seller
Joint Venture Estate Jewelers
 
US
Breitling Navitimer GMT  Bj.2015  Deutsche Auslieferung
Breitling Navitimer GMT Bj.2015 Deutsche Auslieferung
R 78,870
Seller
Uhren - Borgardts
 
DE
IWC Pilot Spitfire UTC
IWC Pilot Spitfire UTC
R 39,665
Seller
Oliver Smith Jeweler
 
US
Rolex GMT Master II
Rolex GMT Master II
R 108,915
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
124
DE
Bell & Ross BR 03-92 Military Green
Bell & Ross BR 03-92 Military Green
R 28,059
Seller
The Watch Movement
 
US
Breitling MINT Breitling Navitimer World GMT Stainless Black...
Breitling MINT Breitling Navitimer World GMT Stainless Black...
R 48,746
Seller
Collectors Coins & Jewelry
 
US
Zenith Pilot Type 20 Extra Special
Zenith Pilot Type 20 Extra Special
R 86,967
Seller
Badel Watch
6
BE
IWC Pilot Chronographe
IWC Pilot Chronographe
R 76,997
Seller
Finewatches.ch
 
CH
Hamilton H76582733
Hamilton H76582733
R 7,511
Seller
JOYERÍA TACTOC
 
ES
Breguet Type XX Transatlantique 3820ST Watch with Stainless...
Breguet Type XX Transatlantique 3820ST Watch with Stainless...
R 57,973
Free shipping
Seller
Crown & Caliber
10
US
Breitling Old Navitimer-2 Blau Referenz A13022 Revision 02/2
Breitling Old Navitimer-2 Blau Referenz A13022 Revision 02/2
R 45,068
Seller
Uhren - Borgardts
 
DE
Patek Philippe Calatrava Pilot Travel Time 5524G-001
Patek Philippe Calatrava Pilot Travel Time 5524G-001
Price on request
Seller
Orafi inc
 
US
IWC Fliegerchrono
IWC Fliegerchrono
R 55,584
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
124
DE
Rolex GMT-Master II
Rolex GMT-Master II
R 102,887
Seller
The Diamond Box
 
UK
Rolex 1987 Rolex GMT-Master Pepsi Blue Faded Red Stainless...
Rolex 1987 Rolex GMT-Master Pepsi Blue Faded Red Stainless...
R 192,762
Seller
Collectors Coins & Jewelry
 
US
Zenith Pilot Type 20 GMT
Zenith Pilot Type 20 GMT
R 84,248
Seller
Badel Watch
6
BE
IWC Big Pilot Top Gun
IWC Big Pilot Top Gun
R 150,605
Seller
Finewatches.ch
 
CH
Breguet Transatlantique Type XXI
Breguet Transatlantique Type XXI
R 169,646
Seller
Oliver Smith Jeweler
 
US
Breitling Navitimer 01 AB0120 Watch with Leather Bracelet and...
Breitling Navitimer 01 AB0120 Watch with Leather Bracelet and...
R 58,583
Free shipping
Seller
Crown & Caliber
10
US
Rolex GMT-Master 1675 LC100 Full Set (Papiere+Rechnung+Besch+Box)
Rolex GMT-Master 1675 LC100 Full Set (Papiere+Rechnung+Besch+Box)
R 330,502
Seller
Uhren - Borgardts
 
DE
Breguet Type XXII Transatlantique Flyback Chronograph 3880ST/H...
Breguet Type XXII Transatlantique Flyback Chronograph 3880ST/H...
R 176,969
Seller
Orafi inc
 
US
IWC Fliegeruhr Mark XII
IWC Fliegeruhr Mark XII
R 53,331
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
124
DE
Breguet Type XXI 42mm 3810BR/92/9ZU Automatic K18 Rose Gold croco
Breguet Type XXI 42mm 3810BR/92/9ZU Automatic K18 Rose Gold croco
R 161,109
Seller
TAMARIYA LTD
 
JP
IWC 2017 SERVICED IWC Double Chronograph Pilot Black 46mm...
IWC 2017 SERVICED IWC Double Chronograph Pilot Black 46mm...
R 85,360
Seller
Collectors Coins & Jewelry
 
US
Breitling Chrono Cockpit
Breitling Chrono Cockpit
R 49,643
Seller
A. W. Porter & Son Ltd
 
UK
Breitling Aerospace EVO
Breitling Aerospace EVO
R 28,071
Seller
HJ jewelers
 
US
IWC Flieger Pilot Chronograph 3706
IWC Flieger Pilot Chronograph 3706
R 32,299
Seller
Saan Marco Orologi D'epoca
 
IT
IWC Pilot's Top Gun Double Chronograph IW3799-01 Watch with...
IWC Pilot's Top Gun Double Chronograph IW3799-01 Watch with...
R 84,823
Free shipping
Seller
Crown & Caliber
10
US
Rolex GMT 16700 Bj.1993 (N) LC100 Tritium Blatt
Rolex GMT 16700 Bj.1993 (N) LC100 Tritium Blatt
R 120,167
Seller
Uhren - Borgardts
 
DE
Breitling B-1
Breitling B-1
R 29,279
Seller
Lana's Jewelry
8
US
IWC Fliegerchrono  Keramik
IWC Fliegerchrono Keramik
R 114,173
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
124
DE
Patek Philippe Travel Time  5524G-001
Patek Philippe Travel Time 5524G-001
Price on request
Seller
UK Time Legend
 
UK
Rolex 1981 Rolex GMT-Master Pepsi Blue Red Stainless Matte...
Rolex 1981 Rolex GMT-Master Pepsi Blue Red Stainless Matte...
R 126,844
Seller
Collectors Coins & Jewelry
 
US
Rolex GMT-Master II
Rolex GMT-Master II
R 97,577
Free shipping
Seller
Right Time Watches
 
US
IWC Big Pilot
IWC Big Pilot
R 118,680
Seller
van Hell Juweliers
NL
Rolex GMT-Master II
Rolex GMT-Master II
R 85,213
Seller
RELOJES CENTRO
MX
Rolex GMT-Master II 116710 Watch with Stainless Steel Bracelet...
Rolex GMT-Master II 116710 Watch with Stainless Steel Bracelet...
R 93,366
Free shipping
Seller
Crown & Caliber
10
US
Hamilton Khaki Pilot Pioneer
Hamilton Khaki Pilot Pioneer
R 3,981
Seller
GPWATCH S.R.L.S
5
IT
Rolex GMT-Master II 16710
Rolex GMT-Master II 16710
R 120,182
Seller
BONAZZA S.R.L.
 
IT
Breitling Navitimer Chrono Matic
Breitling Navitimer Chrono Matic
R 93,893
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
124
DE
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Pilot's Watches: Functionality for the Highest Demands

Pilot's watches are precise instruments as well as stylish accessories. Originally designed for pilots, they have developed into one of the most beloved types of watches. Breitling and IWC are two of the most well-known producers of pilot's watches.

Highlights

  • Famous brands: IWC, Breitling, Tutima, Fortis
  • IWC Mark XI features a typical pilot's watch design
  • Affordable pilot's watches available for less than 1,000 euros
  • Breitling Navitimer with a chronograph function and slide rule
  • Cartier Santos considered the first pilot's wristwatch

In the Cockpit with a Pilot's Watch

Pilot's watches are closely linked to aviation; the industry has strongly influenced the history and functionality of these special watches. For example, many pilot's watches are chronographs, meaning they also function as stopwatches. The term "pilot's watch" does not, however, have one standard definition. For some, it means a timepiece with a certain design: Watches with a black dial and white indices or numerals as well as large hands are enough to qualify as pilot's watches in some peoples' books. Another definition emphasizes other characteristics, such as legibility during the day and at night or a certain level of impact and shock resistance.
In the past, there wasn't a uniform standard for pilot's watches like the international ISO 6425 standard (DIN 8306) for diving watches. In 2016, however, the DIN 8330 standard was introduced, based on the Technical Standard for Pilot's Watches (Technischen Standard Fliegeruhren, TESTAF). According to DIN 8330, a certified pilot's watch is capable of replacing a plane's precise time measurement systems. Furthermore, the wearer is able to plan and execute vital, time-sensitive flight maneuvers with the watch. The German company Sinn was the first watch manufacturer to produce watches according to the DIN 8330 standard.
Two of the most famous manufacturers of pilot's watches are the Swiss brands Breitling and IWC. The design of the IWC Mark XI is particularly well known around the world and is often replicated. The watch is simple with its black dial, large numerals and indices, and triangular marker at the 12 o'clock position. IWC has sent the hand-winding model to numerous air forces.
One of Breitling's most famous timepieces is the Navitimer. Aside from its chronograph function, it has a rotatable bezel with a slide rule. With the help of this mechanism, you can calculate speeds, distances, and fuel consumption, as well as convert units of measurement.

Buying Advice

If you're interested in buying a pilot's watch, you have a large choice between many models from different brands. With such an expansive collection, there's certain to be the perfect watch for every budget. More affordable watches under 1,000 euros are available from Breitling. The Breitling Aerospace has the brand's characteristic bezel rider tabs at three, six, nine, and twelve o'clock. Inside its case, it's powered by an incredibly precise quartz movement. It's available for around 800 euros pre-owned. A used Breitling Chronomat is also available for less than 1,000 euros.
You can find numerous pre-owned Breitling watches for between 1,000 and 2,500 euros. Pilot's watches from the French manufacturer Bell & Ross are also available in this price range. Pre-owned pilot's chronographs from IWC cost around 2,000 euros. Three-hand models are available for less than 2,000 euros. IWC chronographs in good condition cost around 2,500 euros.
The 857 UTC watch from Sinn is available with or without TESTAF certification. Both versions cost about the same. You should plan on spending about 1,900 euros on a new model. A new chronograph Sinn 103 Ti TESTAF costs around 2,300 euros. New models with a chronograph and GMT function cost around 2,800 euros.
You can find Rolex's GMT-Master for under 10,000 euros. The Genevan manufacturer developed the GMT watch in the mid-1950s based on the demands of commercial pilots. The American airline Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) used the GMT-Master as their official watch.

History of Pilot's Watches

The Cartier Santos is considered the first pilot's watch. Louis Cartier developed the square wristwatch in 1904 for the Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos Dumont. Two years later, Dumont flew the first official flight in a motorized airplane. During the flight, he wore the Santos, allowing him to keep both hands on the controls while still keeping an eye on the time.
The roots of modern day pilot's watches go all the way back to pocket watches — or, more accurately, deck watches used in high-sea navigation. These watches were portable pocket watches that supplemented a ship's marine chronometer. The marine chronometer was anchored to the ship and mounted on three freely moving axles, keeping the dial face up even during heavy swells. The marine chronometer was regulated in this position. Sailors used these highly precise chronometers to determine their exact location. During long trips at sea, watches accurate to the second were indispensable for navigation.
The officers on board synchronized their deck watch with the marine chronometer and returned to deck to determine their position via sextant. A deck watch had a very precise movement, but due to the extreme deviations in temperature and different positions, it wasn't as precise as a marine chronometer.
At the beginning of the 20th century, pilots used these deck watches during flights. They soldered pieces to the watches and looped thick leather straps through them. When modified this way, they could wear the deck watches on their thighs or over a flight suit. These pilot's watches were easily identifiable by their large crowns, which also allowed the wearer to set the time with gloves on.
Later, deck watches received their characteristic pilot's watch design. A black dial with yellow numerals became a signifying feature of these timepieces. At the beginning of the 20th century, manufacturers started using the luminous, radioactive material radium. Today, they use the luminescent, non-radioactive material Superluminova. Black dials have some obvious advantages: There's no glare, and together with luminous indices and hands, they are easy to read at twilight and at night.
Most pilot's watches from the early 20th century also featured a stop-seconds mechanism. This allowed the wearer to set the watch to the exact second, which is necessary to navigate accurately. One of the most important German manufacturers of these types of watches was the Glashütte-based company A. Lange & Söhne. During the Second World War, they produced pilot's watches exclusively for the military; today, these watches are very rare. Just as rare are German pilot's chronographs, which were produced by manufacturers such as Tutima and Junghans. The movements powering these watches originally came from Glashütte. Altogether, there are only 300 to 400 watches remaining from the 1930s and 40s. These vintage watches cost upwards of 30,000 euros each.

Historical Highlights

  • Origins tracing back to deck watches used on ships
  • Deck watches with leather straps were the first pilot's watches
  • Cartier Santos: the first pilot's watch in the form of a wristwatch
  • A. Lange & Söhne was one of the most important manufacturers of German pilot's watches

IWC Mark XI: The Cult Pilot's Watch

The IWC Mark XI is a classic pilot's watch. The Swiss manufacturer IWC produced the watch starting at the end of the 1940s. The Mark XI was a smaller version of the Mark X. For around 30 years, IWC delivered the Mark XI to numerous air forces around the world. The simple, hand-winding watch featured no chronograph function. Therefore, it was comparably inexpensive at 350 Swiss francs. Now, it costs between 5,000 and 9,000 euros. The watch had a characteristic black dial with bright luminous numerals and a triangle at 12 o'clock. Still to this day, manufacturers such as Fortis produce pilot's watches with this simple, iconic design.

The Standard for Pilot's Watches: DIN 8330

An official standard for pilot's watches has existed since the beginning of 2016: the German DIN 8330. The watch manufacturer Sinn Spezialuhren initiated the process of developing this standard. The German Institute for Standardization (DIN) decided in the summer of 2013 to create a new standard for pilot's watches based on the Technical Standard for Pilot's Watches (TESTAF). This standard is oriented to meet the challenges of modern aviation. The aerospace engineering department at the Aachen University of Applied Sciences together with Sinn Spezialuhren developed the TESTAF in 2012. According to DIN 8330, pilot's wristwatches must be compatible with other on-board instruments, pose no risk to the aircraft and crew, and must be able to withstand the physical stressors of flight.
DIN 8330 differentiates between visual flight rules (VFR) and instrument flight rules (IFR). Watches certified according to IFR rules require a stopwatch function and are thus chronographs. Watches certified to VFR have a 12-hour as well as a 60-minute display. The central second hand must feature a mechanism so it can be stopped to the exact second. Furthermore, the standard requires the watch to have a bi-directional rotatable bezel with minute markers and ratcheting. The dial and scale background must be matte black, and the diameter of the dial must not be smaller than 27 mm. The watch has to be easily legible, and thus the hour indices, triangular marker on the bezel, and the hour, minute, and second hands must be filled with luminous material and glow for at least three hours.
The DIN 8330 also requires pilot's watches and their functions to work properly between -15 °C and +55 °C (5 to 131 °F). They have to pass an impact test by surviving a drop from a 1-meter height onto a hardwood floor. They are also tested for waterproofness according to DIN 8310. The watches undergo further tests for precision, strap fittings, and magnetic field resistance, among other things. At the end of the tests, the watch must still function properly and have no signs of external damage.

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